Kerala Rennaissance for Kerala PSC: St. Kuriakose Elias Chavara July 1, 2022
Kerala Rennaissance for Kerala PSC: St. Kuriakose Elias Chavara
- He was known as Father of Literacy in Kerala and Kalathinu Munpe Nadanna Navodhana Nayakan, Daivs Dasan
- Father Kuriakose Elias Chavara is popularly known as Chavarayachan
- Saint Kuriakose Elias Chavara was born on 10 February 1805 at Kainakary.
- He is the first canonised Catholic male saint of Indian origin.
- The Congregation of Carmelites of Mary Immaculate (CMI) is the first indigenous religious congregation in the Catholic Church of India.
- It was founded by Fr. Thomas Palackal, Fr. Thomas Porukara and Fr. Kuriakose Chavara on 11 May 1831.
- The first Prior General of this congregation was St. Kuriakose Chavara at Mannanam.
- Originally it the name of the Congregation was ‘Servants of Mary Immaculate’
- In 1958, the name was changed to ‘Carmelites of Mary Immaculate’ (CMI).
- After the death of others, Chavara took up leadership on 8th December 1855
- A similar one for women, the Congregation of the Mother of Carmel (C.M.C.)
- It was founded in 1866, 13 February at Koonamavu
- On 29 November 1829, St. Chavara become a priest
- St. Chavara celebrated his first Holy Qurbana at St. Andrew’s Catholic Forane Church Arthunkal, Alappuzha
- He was the first vicar general in the Syrian church.
- Kuriakose Chavara started an institution for Sanskrit studies at Mannanam in 1846
- Chavara took the initiative to start a school in a nearby village called Arpookara
- Fr. Chavara admitted the untouchables to schools and provided Sanskrit education to the lower castes
- He took initiative to start educational institutions along with Church.
- The schools in Kerala are commonly called Pallikudams because school attached to Church (Palli)
- Kuriakose Chavara implemented mid day meal for the poor students from lower caste in the schools at Mannanam and Arpookara
- This inspired Sir C P Ramaswamy Iyer to recommend this to King for being implemented in all government run schools
- Pidiyari was the charity practice of Kuriakose Chavara.
- He encouraged people to make daily small donations to help the needy through Pidyari scheme.
- It supported the Midday meal Kuriakose Chavara popularized in schools
- An organization formed by Kuriakose Chavara called “Unnimishihayude Dharma Sabha” who took care of the Pidiyari collection
- Kuriakose Chavara started St. Joseph’s Press at Mannanamin 1846.
- It was the third printing press in Kerala.
- It was the first press founded by a Malayali without the help of foreigners.
- Nasrani Deepika was printed from this press.
- The first book printed in this Press at Mananam was Njanapeeyusham
- The oldest existing Malayalam newspaper in circulation Nasrani Deepika at 1887.
- Atmanuthapam Maranaveettil Padunnathinulla Pana, Anasthaciayude Rakthasakshyam, Dhyana Sallapangal and Nalagamangal were written by St. Chavara.
- Prior Mango is a variety of mango popularized by Kuriakose Chavara
- Kuriakose Elias Chavara died on 3 January 1871, aged 66, at Koonammavu.
- His canonization was on 18 March 2014 by Pope Francis
- St. Chavara Museum, Archives and Research Centre- Mannanam
- St. Chavara Kuriakose Elias Museum-Koonammavu
- Chavara National Museum- Vazhakulam
- Chavara Museum and Art Gallery- Alappuzha
- Jeevitham Thanne Sandesham: Vishuda Chavarayude Jeevitham- Prof. M.K. Sanu
- Chavarayachan Oru Rekha Chitram- K.C. Chako.