Kerala Rennaisance Leader for Kerala PSC: Ayya Vaikundar July 1, 2022
Kerala Rennaisance Leader for Kerala PSC: Ayya Vaikundar
- Lord Vaikundar is popularly called as “Narayana Pantaram” or “Ayya”.
- He himself called as the tenth incarnation of Lord Vishnu
- ‘One Caste, One Religion, One Clan, One World, One God’ said by Ayya Vaikundar
- He formulate ‘samathva samajam’, ‘sama panthi bhojan’ and ‘thottu namam podunkal’
- He is remembered as the forefather of Nadar community
- The organization formed by Ayya vaikundar was Kerala Ayya Vaikundar Samathwa Samajam
- It can be considered as the first social organization in Kerala.
- First person to done mirror consecration in South India
- He was born in 1809 as a child of Ponnu Nadar and Veiyelal in south India, at Swamithoppe in the Kanyakumari District.
- The childhood name of Ayya Vaikundar was Mudisoodum Perumal
- But due to objections from those of higher castes, the family changed his name to Muthukutty.
- Muthukutty married Thirumalammal
- Muthukutty earned his living as a Palmyra palm climber and as an agricultural laborer
- In Akilattirattu Ammanai the word Detchanam represents the land of South India with Swamithoppe as its centre
- This place became a holy place for the devotees of Ayyavazhi and they erected a temple there named Avatharappathi at Thiruchendur.
- Ayya Vaikundar not only preached his views but practicalised among low caste poor people.
- Swamigal started meditation at Poovandarthoppu. For the first two years, he meditated in a six feet hallow pit called Yoga dapa
- Lower caste peoples they worshipped him as the real incarnation of Lord Narayana and called him as Vaikunda Swamigal
- He called Travancore king as ‘Ananthapuri Neechan’ and cursed Brahmins as ‘Karineechanmar’ (Black cheater) and British people as ‘Venneechan’ (White cheater)
- Swathi Tirunal arranged for an enquiry at the Suchindram Temple Mandabam to heard grievances of Upper caste peoples against Ayya Vaikundar
- Swati Thirunnal sent his army to Poovandarthoppu to arrest Vaikuda Swamigal
- He was imprisoned at Shinkarathope jail
- The Raja finally ordered the release of Vikunda Swamigal on 1839
- Vaikunda Swamigal assumed the status of Ayya (Father) to all his followers.
- His followers are generally called Ayya Vazhi Makkal.
- Vaikunda Swamigal established many Nizhalthankals or Inatthankals
- These are small huts which give shadow to the people to propagate his faith and to feed the poor
- In these thankals, a festival conducted generally thrice in a year is called Palvaippuvizha
- Ayya adopted as flag for his movement which was popularly known as Anbukodi or love-flag.
- There were separate wells and tanks for each caste, and people from the other caste were not allowed to draw out water from those wells.
- To stop this evil practice, Ayya Vaikundar established Munthirikinar at Swamithoppe
- He called his followers Anbukodimakkal
- The Swamigal passed away at Ambalapathi on 1851.
- His body was then taken to Swamithoppu and buried