Kerala Rennaisance for Kerala PSC: Revolts of Ayyankali July 1, 2022
Kerala Rennaisance for Kerala PSC: Revolts of Ayyankali
- They organised a pedestrian march through the public road leading to Aaralummudu market to Chaliyar Street in Balaramapuram.
- Here a group of outraged ‘upper’ caste Hindus blocked their way and this erupted into violence. This is known as Chaliyar riot.
- Chaliyar riot was the first armed rebellion of Dalits in Travancore.
- Ayyankali made a similar attempt in the market at Nedumangadu.
- Even in the early decades of the 20th century, Dalits were not given entry into the Nedumangadu market place
- They were given a separate place to sell their things.
- This partition of the market was done by a dividing line of coir.
- Ayyankali and his men entered into the market. There was a bloody fight
- Ayyankali went to Kazhakuttam to attend a meeting organised by Dalits.
- On the way, they were attacked by a crowd of Muslims.
- This incident turned to the form of a riot.
- Police Inspector of Kazhakuttam at the time of the riot was Daniel.
- Perinad is a place in Kollam District.
- Ayyankali called upon the Pulaya women gathered there to come forward and renounce their stone jewellery adorning your neck.
- Their women obeyed his advice and cut off their stone chains and threw them away.
- This incident is known as ‘Kallumala Agitation’
- In those days, Pulaya women were allowed to wear only ornaments made of beads, stones and cheap metals like copper and iron.
- But Ayyankali exhorted the Pulaya women of south Travancore to give up kallumala or stone chain
- Pulayas, Parayas and Kuravas were prevented from wearing ornaments made of gold and silver
- In Kollam region the struggle was led by Gopaladasan.
- As per the advice of Ayyankali, the Pulaya women at Kollam began to cut and throw away their stone necklaces and iron ear rings.
- The agitation concerning the use of ornaments by the Pulaya women took place under the leadership of Gopaladasan.
- During this period, he was the branch secretary of the Sadhujana Paripalana Sangam at Perinad.
- A massive meeting was organized at Cherumoodu in Perinad
- A Nair youth came forward and asked something to the Pulayas which sparked the riot in which Pulayas received cut injuries.
- Later Pulayas organized themselves and set fire to a Nair home.
- Perinadu, Mangaadu and Kilikolloor saw some Pulaya huts destroyed.
- Ayyankali decided to convene a meeting of all communities on December 10, 1915
- Dewan Krishan Nair was made the chairman of the meeting
- In 1915 Ooruttambalam Revolt was under the leadership of Ayyankali.
- An attempt by Ayyankali to enrol a Pulayar girl in a government school at Oorutambalam.
- It led to violent acts and eventually to the burning down of the school
- It is known as ‘Ooruttambalam Lahala
- This was followed by the first-ever agricultural strike in the history of the nation, fought not for wages but for school admission.