Indian Geography: Trans- Himalaya

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General Knowledge

Indian Geography: Trans- Himalaya

⮚     Trans – Himalayan range lies to the north of the Great Himalayas.

⮚     Trans- Himalaya extends from Nanga Parbat in west to NamchaBarwa or Mishmi Hills in the east.

⮚     Karakoram, Laddakh, Zaskar- are the important ranges ofTrans Himalaya.

⮚     Great Karakoram Range is also known as the Krishnagiri range.

⮚     Karakoram Range acts as watershed between India and Turkestan.

⮚     Karakoram range determines the frontier of India with China and Afganisthan

⮚     Godwin Austin is the part of Karakoram Range.

⮚     K2 or Godwin Austin is the highest peak in Trans Himalayan Ranges.

⮚     K2 or Godwin Austin is also the highest peak in India.

⮚     It has a height of about 8611m.

⮚     It has been named as Godwin Austen by the British and Qogir by the China

⮚     The mountain range which lies on the north of the Karakoram Range and spread to Afghanistan is Hindukush

⮚     LadakhRange merges with the Kailash range in Tibet.

⮚     Kailash range is known as Gangdise in China and Kang Rimpoche in Tibet

⮚     Mount Kailash (6,714 m) is the highest peak of Kailash range.

⮚     The Nanga Parbat (8126 m), the highest point in the north-west also is included in Ladakh Range.

⮚     Other  prominent peaks in Trans Himalayas are:

Hidden Peak (8068 m)

Broad Peak (8047 m)

Gasherbrum II (8035 m)

⮚     Biafo, Baltaro, Batura, Hispar are the other important glaciers in the Trans Himalayan ranges.

⮚     There are two syntaxial bends in Himalayan ranges:

i. Western syntaxial bend occurs near The Nanga Parbat

ii. Eastern syntaxial bend occurs near Namche Barwa.

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