Indian Geography notes for Kerala PSC: Western Ghats

Indian Geography notes for Kerala PSC Western Ghats
Kerala PSC Exams

Indian Geography notes for Kerala PSC: Western Ghats

  • Western Ghats is known as:

Sahyadri in northern Maharashtra

Sahya Parvatam in Kerala. 

  • In the south, the Western Ghats is called:

Nilagiri Malai in Tamil Nadu

  • Western Ghats is more Continuous & higher than Eastern Ghats
  • Western Ghats is the source of large peninsular rivers like:

Godavari and Krishna

  • The highest peak in south India is located in the Western Ghats is


  • The height of Anamudi is:


  • The hill stations in the Western Ghats are:

Matheran- Maharashtra 

Lonavala-Khandala- Maharashtra 

Mahabaleshwar- Maharashtra 

Panchgani- Maharashtra

Amboli Ghat- Maharashtra

Kudremukh- Karnataka  

Kodagu- Karnataka 

Munnar- Kerala 

Ponmudi- Kerala 

  • The famous hill station ‘Kodaikanal’, a part of Western Ghats is on:

Palni Hill

  • ‘Ooty’ (Udagamandalam or Ootacamund) is located on:

Nilgiri hills 

  • Nilgiri is also known as:

Blue Mountain

  • Ooty is Known as:

‘Queen of Nilgiri’

  • Important Passes of Western Ghats
  • Thal Ghat: Links Nasik to Mumbai.
  • Bhor Ghat: Links Mumbai to Pune.
  • Pal Ghat: Connects Palakkad to Coimbatore. 
  • The ‘Gersoppa’ or ‘Jog’ waterfall in the Western Ghats is located on the river:


  •  India’s highest waterfall:

Jog falls 

  • UNESCO declared the Western Ghats as a World Heritage Site in:


  • It is the home of many endangered plants and animals.
  • Number or National Park in the Western Ghats:


  • Western Ghats is recognised by UNESCO as one of the world’s eight most important biodiversity hotspots
1Anamudi2,695 mEravikulam National ParkKerala
2Meesapulimala2,640 mIdukkiKerala
3Doddabetta2,637 m NilgirisTamil Nadu

  • Other important peaks in Western Ghats are:

Kalasubai (1,646 m) 

Igatpuri, Salher (1,567 m)

Mahabaleshwar (1,438 m) 

Harishchandragarh (1,424 m)

Vavul Mala (2,339 m)

Kudremukh (1,892 m) 

Pashpagiri (1,714 m) 

Doda Betta (2,637 m) 

Makurti (2,554 m) 

Palakkad Gap

  • The southern part of the Western Ghats is separated from the main Sahyadri range by:

Pal ghat Gap [Palakkad Gap]

  • The width of Palakkad Gap:

40 Km

  • Kerala and Tamil Nadu were largely connected with road and railway line through this gap
  • It is through this gap that moist-bearing clouds of the south-west monsoon can penetrate some distance inland, bringing rain to Mysore region.


  • Anamudi (2,695 m) is the highest peak in the whole of southern India.
  • Anamudi is the highest peak in:

Western Ghats


Indian subcontinent 

Peninsular India 

South India 

  • Height peak in India Closest to equator:


  • It is Situated in:

Munnar Panchayat of  Devikulam Taluk  of

Idukki  District of Kerala State. 

  • It is located inside Eravikulam National Park. 
  • Three ranges radiate in different directions from Anai Mudi. These ranges are:

Anaimalai  to the north, 

Palani to the north-east

Cardamom Hills or the Ealaimalai to the south.

Madhav Gadgil Committee Report on the Western Ghats

  • Gadgil Commission, an environmental research commission is named after its chairman Madhav Gadgil. 
  • The commission is formally known as Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel (WGEEP). 
  •  The commission submitted the report to the Government of India on 31 August 2011.

Kasturirangan committee on the Western Ghats

  • As said earlier, the Kasturirangan committee was constituted to examine the WGEEP report. 
  • The committee is often called HLWG – it denotes the 10 member high-level working group (HLWG). 
  • It is headed by Kasturirangan.

Oommen V. Oommen Committee on the Western Ghats

  • The Oommen V. Oommen Committee appointed by the Kerala Government to review the Kasturirangan panel report. 
  • The three member committee consisit of Oommen V. Oommen as convener and V.N. Rajasekharan Pillai and P.C. Cyria

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